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In the 7th edition of his book "BORDEAUX ET SES VINS" (Bordeaux and its wines) dated 1898, Edouard FERET describes this vineyard:
"The vineyard is situated on the highest chalky clay hillsides of the area. It is planted with our finest grape varieties grafted onto American rootstock and produces one of the most elegant and full-bodied wines of the village."
The vineyard acreage is today 37 acres (12 hectares), shared between Merlot grape varieties (70%) and Cabernet Franc grape varieties (30%). The very old vines are pampered and preserved at all cost, along with their plant material (from varieties that no longer exist...), which is reproduced on site with the help of enthusiastic nurserymen, in order to preserve these vines on our plots, since they have enjoyed living here for so long, some for more than 100 years.
The pruning of the vines is in double Guyot and the number of vine buds is limited in order to reduce the yield.
As a result, the bunches of grapes are evenly distributed along the trunks of the vines, without being jointed, thus improving the maturation and preventing the development of different forms of blight.
The vines are situated at the top of the hillside, on the south southwest-facing slope, stretching from outside the bell tower of the Montagne church to the mills of Calon. They benefit from very good chalky subsoil and a thin layer of chalky-clay soil. This is a warm terroir suitable for the maturity of the Merlot.
The outstanding terroir and the low yields allow us to practise integrated agriculture at Château Beauséjour. That is to say that the growing methods and the vine cultivation aim to limit as much as possible the use chemical products. They are used only when no other natural solution is possible.